WHAT IS UROLOGY?
URINARY STONE is a very common problem in our country. This problem can be seen in all age groups, yet it is more common in adults than in children. It is more common in men than in women though changing lifestyles have narrowed down this difference in incidence.
Urinary Stones Can Be Of Different Types
Calcium Oxalate, Calcium Phosphate, Uric Acid, Cystine, Triple Phosphate are the common types. Stones can be found in the kidney, URETER(the tube which carries urine from the kidney to the bladder) or BLADDER itself..
Causes of Stone Formation
The most common cause for formation of urinary stones is not drinking enough amount of water. This along with excessive perspiration in tropical countries makes the urine waterlogged with various crystals which sooner or later develop into a stone. Due to this reason urinary stone problem are more commonly seen in summer. Another way of causing urinary stone is taking a diet rich in calcium (like milk and milk products) or certain green leafy vegetables, soft drinks like cola or non-vegetarian diet. Changing life-styles and westernization of eating habits like consuming lot of aerated soft drinks and eating fast foods like pizzas and burgers have definitely increased the incidence of stones.
TREATMENT OF URINARY CALCULI
MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERIES like URS, PCNL, ESWL, LASER, LAPAROSCOPY is based on the size, site and nature of the stone..
PROSTATE ENLARGEMENT is seen in men usually above 50 years of age. Patients suffering from this problem may have various symptoms like increased frequency of urination in both day and night, urgency, hesitancy, thin stream, straining to pass urine, sense of incomplete voiding and sometimes passing blood in the urine or even sudden retention of urine.
MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERIES like URS, PCNL, ESWL, LASER, LAPAROSCOPY is based on the size, site and nature of the stone.
Types of Prostatic Enlargement
Carcinoma of Prostate
For benign enlargement of prostate there are a wide variety of treatments available. Some patients require endoscopic resection of prostate, like TURP, LASER PROSTATECTOMY. For CANCER PROSTATE, the treatment is surgical in early stages and in delayed cases either hormonal, radiotherapy or chemotherapy may be required.
Some congenital anomalies can cause urological problems requiring surgical intervention in infants and children. PUJ OBSTRUCTION requires PYELOPLASTY operation VESICO-URETERIC REFLUX requires URETERIC REIMPLANTATION POSTERIOR URETHRAL VALVES requires VALVE FULGURATION MULTICYSTIC DYSPLASTIC KIDNEY
Andrology & Male Infertility
Male infertility and sexual dysfunction problems caused in men is due to the inability of ejaculate or insufficient number of sperm. These problems are treated by urologist and andrologist.
For patients with renal failure due to end stage renal disease renal transplant is offered