It’s all about Urinary Stones

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Urinary Stone Diseases – Kidney Stone

kidney stone treatment by dr. Shirish Bhave

What is Kidney Stone?

Kidney stones are solid masses that are prepared from small crystals. It generally creates in the kidneys but can grow anywhere along with the urinary areas. The urinary tract includes the ureters, kidneys, urethra and urinary bladder. Kidney stones are one of the most painful medical situations. The causes of kidney stones differ from the type of stone. The various types of kidney stones include Uric Acid, Calcium, Sistine and Struvite.

Risk factors of kidney stones –

The greatest risk issue of having kidney stones is making less than one litre of urine /day. Kidney stones are most likely to arise between the ages of 20 and 40. Some of the risk factors include obesity, dehydration, hyperthyroid conditions, inflammatory bowel diseases and gastric.

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

Kidney stones cause rigorous pain. Symptoms of kidney stones may not arise until the stone begins to shift down the ureters. Other symptoms of kidney stones can include:

  1. Discolored and foul-smelling urine.
  2. Frequent need to urinate.
  3. Blood in the urine.
  4. Diagnosis of kidney stones.
  5. Passing small amounts of urine.
  6. Fever.
  7. Nausea.

Diagnosis of kidney stones –

  • Blood tests for checking the existence of phosphorus, calcium, electrolytes and uric acid.
  • Entire urine analysis to verify for bacteria, crystals, white and blood cells.
  • Assessment of passed stones to find out its type.
  • Ultrasound of the kidney.
  • Abdominal X-rays and CT scans.
  • MRI of the abdomen and kidneys.

How are kidney stones treated?

Treatment is decided according to the type of stone. Some of the treatment options are:

  1. Medication.
  2. Lithotripsy.
  3. Ureteroscopy.
  4. Tunnel Surgery.

 

 

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