How much do you know about the prostate disease

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How much do you know about the prostate disease

prostate disease | Dr Shirish Bhave

prostate disease | Dr Shirish Bhave

How much do you know about the prostate disease?

The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive organ. It is in the size of the walnut and wrapped around the urethra near the bladder. The thin tube carries urine and semen (a fluid that contains sperms) out of the body while urinating or while ejaculation. The prostate adds special fluids to the semen when a man ejaculates and muscles in the prostate gland contract to force the semen out of the body.

Approximate men in the world aging 55 years or above have some or other prostate disease.

There are rarely any early-stage Prostate disease symptoms.  So if you are a man in your 50’s or 60’s have a word with your doctor and get your gland checked if needed.

The most common prostate diseases are: 


Prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection which may lead to inflammation to the prostate. This disease may affect men of any age but it is more common in younger men aging 30 to 50 years.

Symptoms of prostatitis include:

  1. Difficulty while urinating.
  2. Frequent need to urinate.
  3. Pain or burning sense while urinating.
  4. Having chills or fever along with urination problem.


Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. The ratio of men suffering through BPH is quite high, it is seen that men over the age of 50 years and 80 years have more chances of BPH, making it one of the most common health problems for old men.

Symptoms of BPH include: 

  1. Difficulty in urinating.
  2. Having to urge to urinate even when the bladder is empty.
  3. Frequent need to urinate, especially at night.
  4. Sense of incomplete urine while urinating or later.


Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer is the second cause of cancer deaths amongst men. However, if it is detected at an early stage then they are chances of providing effective treatment on it. When Prostate Cancer is detected and treated at an early stage the five-year outcome is generally very successful. The screening of Prostate Cancer is difficult in the early stage.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer include: 

  1. Unable to urinate.
  2. Difficulty in starting urination.
  3. Painful ejaculation in men.
  4. Blood in urine or semen.
  5. Frequent pain or stiffness in the back, hips, or upper thighs.

  Diagnosis method of prostate disease: 

  1. Physical Examination which includes a rectal examination. Here the doctor will insert a gloved finger in your rectum to check the enlargement of your prostate.
  2. Blood test.
  3. Urine test to check for any infection or blood in the urine.
  4. Ultrasound scan.
  5. Biopsies of the prostate.


Treatment methods for prostate disease:

For prostatitis, it may include antibacterial treatment, depending on what type of prostate it is.

For BPH it may include medications to relax the muscle gland or reduce the size of the prostate.

For prostate cancer, it depends on individual situations. What type of cancer it is, other health issues the person may be suffering and their wish of treatment will also be taken into consideration. In this case management usually approaches a surgery called prostatectomy, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, androgen deprivation therapy.


Where to get the help from:

Initially get a routine checkup done from your General Practioner, else consult a Urologist.

You can also consult a cancer specialist if detected with Prostate Cancer.

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